Search for articles
Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of early screening of preeclampsia by NICE guidelines, ACOG guidelines and comprehensive first trimester screening using maternal characteristics, ultra-sonographic findings and maternal serum biochemical markers in t
Maria Jane Ellise S. Javier, MD and Zarinah G. Gonzaga, MD, FPOGS
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Medical City
Objective: To compare the performance of the comprehensive first trimester screening using maternal characteristics, ultrasonographic findings and serum biochemical markers, with the NICE and ACOG guidelines in predicting the development of preeclampsia. The study also aims to determine the compliance rate of clinicians in giving aspirin prophylaxis using the different screening tests.
Methodology: This is a retrospective, analytical, cross sectional study of all pregnant patients between 11 to 13 6/7 weeks referred for comprehensive first trimester screening for preeclampsia from January 2014 to January 2018. Maternal factors were assessed to determine the risk of preeclampsia using NICE guidelines, ACOG guidelines and comprehensive first trimester screening. The compliance on aspirin administration for high-risk patients was also determined. The outcome measure was diagnosis of preeclampsia and the detection rate (DR) of the three screening tests were compared.
Results: A total of 202 women were included in the analysis where 24 (11.9%), 11 (5.4%) and 13 (6.4%) developed preeclampsia, early-onset preeclampsia (EO-PE) and late-onset preeclampsia (LO-PE) respectively. The NICE and ACOG guidelines were able to detect preeclampsia with an accuracy of 76.73% (Sn 75%, Sp 77% PPV 30.5%) and 43.07% (Sn 83.3%, Sp 37.6% PPV 15.3%) respectively. The comprehensive first trimester screening was able to detect preeclampsia with an accuracy of 89.60% (Sn 83.3%, Sp 90.5% PPV 54.1%). EO-PE and LO-PE were detected with an accuracy of up to 97.2% using the comprehensive screening (Sn 90.9%, Sp 97.9% PPV 71.4%), compared with the NICE guideline (up to 74.26%, Sn 81.8%, Sp 73.8% PPV 15.3%) and the ACOG guideline (up to 39.6%, Sn 90.9%, Sp 36.6, PPV 7.63%). Compliance with the NICE and ACOG recommendation on aspirin administration was only 42.37% and 33.33%, respectively, and this increased to up to 62% when comprehensive first trimester screening was used.
Conclusion: This study confirmed that the performance of screening for PE, and therefore appropriate selection of the patients that would benefit from prophylactic use of aspirin and closer surveillance, is by far superior if the comprehensive first trimester screening is used than the method advocated by ACOG and NICE.