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A five-year review of the clinicopathologic profile of patients with hydatidiform mole at the Philippine General Hospital
Sherry Joahne L. Cañete - Villariasa, MD, DPOGS and Agnes L. Soriano-Estrella, MD, MHPEd, FPOGS, FPSSTD
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Philippine General Hospital, University of the Philippines-Manila
Objective: To determine the clinicopathologic profile of patients diagnosed with hydatidiform mole at the Philippine General Hospital from January 2013 to August 2018.
Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included all patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of hydatidiform mole managed at the Philippine General Hospital from January 2013 to August 2018. Medical records of patients were retrieved. All abstracted variables were analyzed retrospectively. The level of significance for all sets of analysis was set at p-value < 0.05 using two-tailed comparisons.
Results: From January 2013 to August 2018, a total of 435 patients diagnosed with hydatidiform mole were managed at the Philippine General Hospital with a prevalence rate of 15.7/1,000 pregnancies. Diagnosis was made in the first trimester in 52% of patients. A quarter of the patients had pre-evacuation B-hCG levels of more than 1 million mIU/mL. Vaginal bleeding was the most frequent presenting symptom but only 59% of the patients had anemia requiring blood transfusion. Majority (90.57%) had a histopathologic diagnosis of complete hydatidiform mole.
Conclusion: The prevalence and clinicopathologic profile of patients with hydatidiform mole in the Philippine General Hospital have remained largely unchanged.